Membandingkan Struktur Teks Recount (The Generic Structure of Recount Texts)

Hello, eighth-graders. Nice to see you again. Today you are going to learn about the generic structure of a recount text.

Masih ingat ya, materi sebelumnya tentang membandingkan fungsi sosial teks recount. Kali ini kalian akan belajar untuk membandingkan struktur teks recount. Let’s check it out!

Sebelum berlatih membandingkan struktur teks recount, ada baiknya kalian mengetahui terlebih dahulu aspek dari struktur teks dan tipe petanyaan bacaan terkait dengan struktur teks.

Aspek struktur teks

  1. Pandangan/ maksud/ pendapat yang menjadi ide utama
  2. Rincian argumentasi
  3. Rincian deskripsi
  4. Rincian langkah
  5. Rincian peristiwa
  6. Rincian unsur-unsur teks

A. Pandangan/ maksud/ pendapat yang menjadi ide utama

Ide utama atau adalah ide/gagasan yang menjadi pokok pengembangan paragraf. Setiap paragraf terdapat satu ide utama/pokok dan ide utama dituangkan dalam satu kalimat utama.

Tips untuk menjawab pertanyaan tentang ide utama adalah sebagai berikut.

  1. Baca seluruh paragraf secara cermat.
  2. Carilah kalimat utama dari setiap paragraf,. Kalimat utama pada teks narrative menyuratkan atau menyiratkan siapa tokoh utamanya, setting waktu dan tempat cerita terjadi, masalah yang dihadapi oleh tokoh utama, jalan keluar atau solusi yang diambil oleh tokoh utama untuk mengatasi masalah yang dihadapi, dan hasil dari penyelesaian masalah.
  3. Tandailah kalimat utama dengan menggarisbawahi atau mewarnai kalimat utama tersebut.

Berikut contoh pertanyaan yang menanyakan ide utama dan perhatikan kata kunci (keyword) yang dicetak tebal..

  1. What is the main idea of the first paragraph?
  2. What does the last paragraph mainly tell about?
  3. The main idea of paragraph two is ….

B. Rincian argumentasi

Argumentasi adalah alasan. Pertanyaan tentang rincian argumentasi menanyakan tentang rincian alasan dari suatu tindakan, peristiwa, atau keadaan. Berikut contoh pertanyaan terkait rincian argumentasi dan perhatikan kata kunci yang dicetak tebal.

  1. Why did the writer feel excited?
  2. The writer felt excited because/for/as/since ….

C. Rincian deskripsi/ langkah/ peristiwa

Setiap pikiran utama didukung dengan gagasan-gagasan rinci (supporting ideas) untuk memperjelas pikiran utama. Gagasan rinci atau kalimat penjelas atau kalimat pendukung inilah yang dimaksud dengan rincian. Jika gagasan utama yang dijelaskan adalah deskripsi dari seseorang atau sesuatu, maka kalimat penjelasnya disebut sebagai rincian deskripsi. Jika gagasan utama yang dijelaskan adalah langkah-langkah, maka kalimat penjelasnya disebut sebagai rincian langkah. Jika gagasan utama yang dijelaskan adalah suatu persitiwa, maka kalimat penjelasnya disebut sebagai rincian peristiwa.

Berikut contoh pertanyaan terkait rincian deskripsi.

  1. What did the writer buy at the shop?
  2. How  did the giraffes eat the leaves?
  3. Based on the text it can be concluded that the weather was ….

Berikut contoh pertanyaan terkait rincian peristiwa.

  1. What did the writer do after visiting the giraffe house?
  2. Before  visiting the giraffe house, the writer ….

D. Rincian unsur-unsur teks

Setiap teks memiliki unsur masing-masing. Unsur-unsur teks recount adalah paragraf orientation (pengenalan pelaku dan seting waktu serta tempat), sequence of events (urutan atau kronologi kejadiannya bagaimana),  dan re-orientation (kesan penulis mengenai keseluruhan kejadian yang dialaminya).

Berikut contoh rincian unsur-unsur teks.

  1. Based on the last paragraph, it can be concluded that the writer …..
  2. The second paragraph told that the participant ….

E. Plot atau Alur

Setiap cerita memiliki terdiri dari tiga bagian, yaitu bagian awal,  tengah, dan akhir. Urutan peristiwa dalam cerita yang meliputi ketiga bagian tersebut disebut alur. Terdapat tiga jenis alur, yaitu alur maju, alur mundur, dan alur campuran. Cerita yang menggunakan alur maju bercerita dari kejaidan awal, tengah dan akhir secara berturutan. Cerita yang menggunakan alur mundur bercerita dari kejaidan akhir, tengah dan awal secara berturutan. Cerita menggunakan alur campuran bisa dimulai dari kejaidan akhir,  awal, dan tengah atau bisa mulai dari kejadian tengah, akhir, dan  awal.

Berikut contoh soal berkaitan dengan plot atau alur.

  1. What happened in the beginning?
  2. What really happened to the writer at the first day?
  3. We can conclude from the text that ….

That is all that I can inform you. Now, it is your turn to practice. Do all the tasks, please.

Task 1. Look at the picture and answer the questions.

  1. What is the picture?
  2. Have you ever visited this place?
  3. When did you go there?
  4. What did you do there?
  5. How was your impression when you visited the place?

Task 2. Read the text below to answer the questions.

A Trip to the Zoo

Yesterday I went to the zoo. I went with my mum and dad. We went there by car. We took an hour to arrive at the zoo.

When we got there, we went to the shop. At the shop, I bought some food for the animals. After getting the food we went to the giraffe house. I fed the giraffes some leaves. They ate greedily.

Before having lunch we went for a ride on an elephant. It felt amazing. After lunch, we fed some birds in the park.

At the end of the day, we went home. I was really tired but it had been a great day.

  1. What is the main idea of the first paragraph?
  2. Where did the writer and her parents go?
  3. How did they go to the place?
  4. What did the writer do before feeding the giraffes?
  5. At the last paragraph, it can be concluded that the writer  ….

Task 3. Read the texts below to identify the similarities and differences of the generic structure of the texts. Put a tick and write your answer in the right column of the table provided.

Text 1


It was a cold morning in the middle of Winter when I woke up and looked out the window. I rubbed my eyes and as I started to wake up, I saw that the ground was covered in snow. Light, fluffy snowflakes were floating in the sky, twirling and dancing before landing gently on the ground.

I leaped out of my bed and got dressed as fast as I could before running down, the hall and out the front door. As the cold air hit my body, I discovered that I had forgotten my Winter clothes. I quickly ran back inside and pulled on my mittens, hat, scarf, and jacket before returning outside. I had been looking forward to this day for so long.

The first thing I wanted to do was build a snowman. I still felt cold, but I didn’t care. I created an enormous snowman with rocks for eyes and a carrot for the nose. Just as I was putting the finishing touches on my snowman, I felt something cold thump against my head. A snowball! I turned around and saw my silly brother.

We continued our snowball fight long into the afternoon before finally heading inside for hot chocolates. I love the snow!

Text 2

My Birthday Disaster

I remember my disastrous birthday like it was just yesterday. It was my 13th birthday and I was so excited about my big party. My family and I had spent the whole week preparing the decorations and creating invitations. My mother had spent all morning baking an enormous chocolate cake and it looked absolutely delicious.

All my friends started to arrive after lunch-time, and everyone was playing happily outside the backyard. The clown was standing in front of the cake making balloon animals for all of us when disaster struck. One of my balloons burst with a loud bang.

The noise startled my cat, Lenny, who leaped into the air and bolted straight the cake. It was like a hippopotamus jumping into a muddy river. Brown chocolate cake flew all over the place, completely covering everyone at my party. Everyone was silent. No one knew what to say or do. I remember hearing a quiet giggle come from the group, then another and another.

Before long, the entire party was completely in stitches, laughing and laughing. We spent the rest of the afternoon licking the chocolate mixture off our clothing and laughing about the time the cat jumped on the cake.

Although the day didn’t go exactly as I expected it to, I had a lot of fun at my crazy birthday party and I know that I will never forget that day.


That is all for today. Thank you very much for attention. See you again next time with a different topic. Bye.



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