Hello, ninth graders. Nice to see you again. Today we will talk about the social function of narrative texts.
In the previous lesson, you had learnt about the social function, type, generic structure, and language feature of narrative texts. However, in this lesson, we will focus on the social function of narrative texts.
Ketika kita bicara tentang fungsi sosial, maka ada beberapa hal yang perlu kalian ketahui. Pada pembelajaran sebelumnya telah disampaikan bahwa fungsi sosial dari teks narrative adalah untuk menghibur pembaca sehingga harapannya pembaca merasa terhibur saat atau setelah membaca teks tersebut.
The social function of a narrative text is to entertain the readers.
Namun, selain mendapatkan hiburan, sebenarnya pembaca juga dapat memperoleh pesan moral atau nilai yang terkandung dalam teks narrative yang tentunya sangat bermanfaat bagi pembaca untuk menumbuhkan karakter baik.
Agar pembaca merasa terhibur atau mendapatkan pesan moral dari teks narrative, pembaca harus bisa memahami isi teks secara umum, misalnya topik, tujuan, nilai yang diusung, serta judulnya apa yang termasuk dalam ruang lingkup fungsi sosial. Oleh sebab itu, kali ini kita akan membahas dan berlatih membandingkan fungsi sosial dari beberapa teks narrative. Are you ready, Dears?
Berikut ruang lingkup fungsi sosial dan contoh pertanyaannya.
1. Menentukan topik
Topik merupakan pengikat gagasan suatu teks. Teks ditulis berdasarkan satu topik utama yang diuraikan dalam beberapa paragraf. Berikut contoh pertanyaan yang berhubungan dengan topik.
- What is the main idea of the passage?
- What is the text (mainly) about?
- What is the text talking about?
- What is the text about?
- What is the topic of the story?
- The text is (mainly) about …
- The main idea of the text is …
- The text tells us about …
- What is the best title of the story?
2. Menentukan tujuan
Semua teks memiliki tujuan. Semua penulis pasti memiliki tujuan saat menulis teks. Penulis teks narrative bertujuan untuk menghibur pembaca (To entertain/ amuse the readers). Berikut contoh pertanyaan terkait dengan tujuan.
- What is the purpose of the text?
- Why did the writer write the text?
- From the text, we know that the writer intends/wants to …
- The text is intended to …
- The writer’s intention to write the text is …
- The writer wrote the text (in order) to …
- The text is written to …
3. Menentukan sikap/nilai yang diusung
Teks narrative memiliki nilai yang ingin ditularkan oleh penulis kepada pembaca. Berikut contoh pertanyaan berkaitan dengan nilai atau pesan moral (Moral value) atau pelajaran (lesson).
- What can we learn from the text?
- What is the lesson of the story?
- What is the moral value of the text?
- Something that we can learn from the text is …
- In the story, the writer wants to say that …
- The story teaches us that …
4. Menentukan manfaat/ dampak/ akibat
Membaca memberikan banyak manfaat. Membaca cerita dapat memberikan hiburan. Saat membaca cerita kita juga dapat memetik pelajaran dari cerita tersebut sehingga berdampak positif terhadap penanaman nilai/moral dalam kehidupan kita. Sebagai contoh, saat membaca cerita tentang Malin Kundang, kita dapat memetik hikmahnya bahwa sebagai seorang anak tidak boleh durhaka kepada orang tua.
Berikut contoh pertanyaan yang berkaitan dengan manfaat/dampak/akibat setelah membaca suatu cerita.
- What will the reader do after reading the text?
- After reading the text, what will the readers probably do?
- After reading the story, the writer may …
Baiklah, sekarang waktunya kalian berlatih membandingkan fungsi sosial dari teks narrative. Please do the tasks below.
Task 1. Look at the following pictures and answer the questions.
- What animals are they?
- What is each animal doing?
- Have you ever read the story about these animals?
- Would you like to read this story? Why?
Task 2. Read the following story to answer the questions.
On one fine summer’s day in a field a Grasshopper was hopping about in musical mood. an ant passes by bearing along with great toil an ear of corn he was taking to the nest. The Grasshopper invited the ant to sit for a chat with him. But the ant refusing that.
“I’m storing up food for winter. Why don’t you do the same?” asked the ant to the grasshopper.
“Pooh! Why bother about winter?” said the Grasshopper, “we have got enough food at present.”
But the Ant went on its way and continued its toil.
Finally, when winter came, the Grasshopper found itself dying of hunger, while it saw the ants distributing corn and grain from their storage.
Then the Grasshopper understood that it was best to prepare for the days of necessity.
- What is the story about?
- What is the writer’s intention to write the text?
- What can you learn from the story?
- What will you probably do after reading the story?
Task 3. Read the two stories below to answer the questions that follow.
Once in a forest, there were lived a tortoise and hare. The hare was once boasting of his speed before the other animals.
“I have never yet been beaten,” said he. “when I put forth my full speed. I challenge anyone here to race with me.”
The tortoise said quietly, “I accept your challenge.”.
“That is a good joke,” said the hare, “I could dance around you all the way.”
“Keep your boasting until you’ve beaten,” answered the tortoise, “Shall we race?”
So of course was fixed and a start was made. The hare darted almost out of sight at once, but soon stopped and, to show his contempt for the tortoise, lay down to have a nap. The tortoise plodded on and plodded on, and when the hare awoke from his nap, he saw the tortoise nearing the finish line, and he could not catch up in time to save the race.
Plodding wins the race.
Once upon a time, there was a beautiful stream that flowed by a story hill. A small village stood by stream and the people of this helmet used its water for their daily needs.
One day, two women started to gossip and forgetful of their belongings, both of them left their pots downstream. One of the pots was of brass, another of earthenware.
When the tide rose, the swollen waters carried off both the pots downstream. The earthenware pot struggled to keep itself away from the brass one. Seeing this, the brass pot called out to the earthen pot.
“Why are you afraid, my friend? I will not strike you.”
The earthen pot replied, “That’s alright. But if I come too close to you, I will break. You are too tough and I am so weak.”
“Whether I hit you, or you hit me, I shall be the one to suffer for it,” answered the Brass Pot.
The strong and the weak cannot keep company.
Task 4. Read again the stories more carefully to identify the similarities and differences. Put a thick (V) and write the reason in the right column provided below.
Ok, Dears. You have compared the social function of two narraruve texts today. Next time we will talk the same topic about a narrative text but we will focus on its generic structure. Stay safe and healthy. Bye.