Announcement (Pengumuman)

ANNUNCEMENT

Hello, Dears. How are you doing? I hope all of you are great. Nice to meet you again, today.

Kali ini kita akan belajar tentang pengumuman atau pemberitahuan (announcement). Nah, bagi kalian yang saat ini duduk di kelas 8 SMP, materi ini termasuk dalam Kompetensi Dasar (KD) 3.12. Yuk, kita simak bareng-bareng ya penjelasan berikut.

Dalam konteks sehari-hari, saya yakin kalian sudah terbiasa mendengar, melihat atau membaca pengumuman. Namun, kalau pengumumannya dalam bahasa Inggris, apakah kalian sudah terbiasa menemukannya? Kalau belum, mari kita pelajari bersama seperti apa ya pengumuman dalam bahasa Inggris.

Pengumuman baik dalam bahasa Indonesia dan bahasa Inggris pada intinya sama, kok, baik tujuannya maupun struktur teksnya. Yang berbeda hanyalah bahasanya. Nggak percaya? Mari kita buktikan bersama.

Pengertian (Definition)

Pertama, kita bahas terlebih dahulu definisi atau pengertian umum dari pengumuman.  Menurut Kamus Webster, pengumuman adalah pemberitahuan atau pernyataan yang ditujukan untuk publik atau khalayak umum  (Announcement is a public notification or declaration). Namun, khalayak umum yang dimaksud di sini tidak berarti semua orang bisa membaca pengumuman tersebut, ya, tetapi hanya kalangan tertentu saja sesuai keinginain si pembuat pengumuman  kepada siapa pengumuman itu ditujukan. Lalu, untuk apa tujuannya pengumuman itu ditulis, ya?

Tujuan (Purpose)

Pengumuman bertujuan untuk memberikan informasi secara formal kepada masyarakat luas tentang banyak hal, misalnya pengumuman tentang kenaikan kelas, kelulusan, lowongan pekerjaan, pelaksanaan Pembelajaran Jarak Jauh (PJJ) selama pandemi Coivd 19, pelaksanaan Penilaian Akhir Tahun (PAT), liburan sekolah, dsb.

Lalu, struktur teks dari pengumuman itu sendiri seperti apa, ya? Mari kita lihat contoh pengumuman berikut terlebih dahulu.

 

contoh announcement

(Sumber: www.chandrakumala.com)

Struktur Teks (Generic Structure)

Kalau memperhatikan contoh pengumuman di atas, teks pengumuman terdiri dari beberapa bagian seperti berikut:

1. Judul (Title)

Judul  adalah bagian penting dari sebuah teks termasuk pengumuman karena judul mewakili keseluruhan isi pengumuman tersebut. Judul teks pengumuman yang umum dijumpai misalnya Announcement.

2. Penerima (Reciever)

Penerima pengumuman yang dimaksud adalah kepada siapa pengumuman ini ditujukan. Bagian ini terkadang tidak secara eksplisit disebutkan sehingga bagian ini terkadang dijumpai tetapi kadang juga tidak dapat dijumpai dalam sebuah pengumuman.

3. Pembuka (Opening)

Bagian pembuka biasanya berisi pengantar dari penulis dan bagian ini kadang ada tetapi kadang juga tidak ada dalam sebuah pengumuman.

4. Isi/Inti (Body)

Bagian inti atau isi pengumuman adalah bagian inti dari pengumuman tersebut apa. Bagian isi ini berbeda-beda etrgantung pengumumannya tentang apa. Kalau pengumumannya tentang pelaksanaan suatu kegiatan biasanya dalam bagian isi ini memuat informasi terkait waktu dan tempat pelaksanaan kegiatan serta infromasi lainnya.

5. Penutup (Closing)

Sama seperti abgian pembukaan, bagian penutup terkadang ada tetapi juga terkadang tidak ada dalam sebuah pengumuman. Bagian ini kadang diikuti dengan informasi tambahan (additional information).

6. Penulis (The Writer)

Biasanya dalam sebuah pengumuman di baris paling akhir terdapat tulisan yang menunjukkan siapa yang membuat pengumuman tersebut.

Ciri Bahasa (Language features)

  1. Menggunakan simple present tense atau future tense
  2. Menggunakan kalimat perintah

Ok, Dears. Kiranya cukup sekian dulu, ya, kali ini. Kita jumpa kembali di artikel lain dengan tema yang berbeda. Happy learning and stay safe and healthy at home. Bye. 

 

 

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