V1 atau V1+s/es dan Do atau Does (How to Make English Sentences in Simple Present Tense?)

Hello, great learners. Nice to see you again. This time, I want to talk about how to make sentences with V1 and V1+s/es. Do you know the difference of them? Apakah kaliam sudah pernah mendengar apa itu V1 atau V1+s/es?

A. V1 atau V1+s/es

Sebelum saya jelaskan bagaimana membuat kalimat dalam bahasa Inggris, saya ingin menjelaskan terlebih dahulu apa itu verb, verb 1, verb 1+s/es dan apa fungsinya dalam bahasa Inggris.

Verb atau yang sering diaingkat V dalam bahasa Indonesia disebut kata kerja. What is a verb? Apakah kata kerja itu? Kata kerja adalah kata yang menunjukkan bahwa seseorang atau sesuatu melakukan pekerjaan, misalnya membaca, bergerak, berjalan, makam, pergi, berburu, dsb.

Verb 1 sering disingkat V1. Verb 1 dalam bahasa Indonesia disebut kata kerja dasar. Kata dasar adalah kata kerja yang tidak mendapat imbuhan apapun, misalnya kata dasar dari kata memakan adalah makan. Sedangkan Verb 1+s/es adalah kata kerja berimbuhans/es.

Meskipun keduanya memiliki bentuk yang berbeda, baik V1 maupun V1+s/es memiliki arti yang sama, misalnya kata eat dan eats memiliki arti yang sama yaitu makan atau memakan. Eat adalah kata kerja dasar sedangkan eats adalah kata kerja dasar yang mendapat imbuhan –s/es.

V1 dan V1+s/es memiliki fungsi yang sama. Keduanya berfungsi untuk menceritakan kebiasaan atau rutinitas yang sekarang masih dilakukan. Fungsi lain adalah menceritakan fakta sekarang yang tidak bisa disanggah atau disebut kebenaran umum. Penggunaan V1 dan V1+s/es adalah ciri dari Simple Present Tense. Perhatikan contoh kalimat berikut yang menggunakan simple present tense sebagai berikut.

1. Kebiasaan (habit) atau rutinitas (routine) sekarang

I drink milk every morning adalah contoh kalimat yang menunjuk kebiasaan atau rutinitas saya yang masih saya lakukan sekarang, yaitu saya minum susu setiap pagi. Berikut contoh karangan tentang aktivitas sehari-hari yang sekarang masih dilakukan.

Descriptive text about daily routines (Taken from: https://cdn.ampproject.org/v0.js)

2. Fakta sekarang

My father works as a teacher adalah contoh fakta sekarang bahwa ayah saya seorang guru. 

3. Fakta sekarang yang tidak bisa disanggah atau kebenaran umum (general truth)

The sun rises in the norning adalah contoh kebenaran umum atau general truth karena matahari terbit setiap pagi adalah fakta yang tidak bisa kita sanggah atau bantah kebenarannya. Semua orang pasti setuju jika matahari terbit setiap pagi.

Intinya, jika kalian ingin menceritakan rutinitas atau kebiasaan yang sekarang masih kalian lakukan atau ingin menceritakan suatu fakta sekarang dan fakta sekarang yang tidak dapat dibantah, maka kalian harus menggunakan Verb 1 (atau disingkat V1) atau Verb 1+s/es (atau disingkat V1+s/es).

Pertanyaannya sekarang adalah kapan kalian harus menggunakan V1 dan kapan mennggunakan V1+s/es? Perhatikan penjelasan berikut.

  1. Verb 1 (V1) digunakan ketika subyek kalimatnya adalah they, we, I, you. Contoh: They study every day.
  2. Verb 1+s/es (V1+s/es) digunakan ketika subyek kalimatnya adalah he, she, it. Conroh: She studies every day.

Sekarang kita akan belajar bagaimana cara memberikan imbuhan s/es pada kata kerja atau verb 1 (V1). Pada umumnya kata kerja ditambah –s (misalnya, drinks, eats, runs, swims, walks, dsb) sehingga yang akan saya bahas selanjutnya adalah bagaimana memberikan imbuhan –espada kata kerja. Perhatikan penjelasan berikut.

  1. Jika huruf terakhir dari kata kerja adalah huruf in ch, -ss, –sh, -x or zz, kita tambahkan imbuhan  es (Misalnya, watch menjadi watches, pass menjadi passes, wash menjadi washes, mix menjadi mixes, dan buzz menjadi buzzes).
  2. Jika huruf terakhir dari kata kerja berakhiran dengan huruf konsonan atau huruf mati diikuti huruf -y (konsonan+y) maka huruf –y diubah menjadi –i kenudian ditambahkan –es (Misalnya, study menjadi studies, cry menjadi cries)
  3. Perkecualian untuk do menjadi does, go menjadi goes, dan have menjadi has.

Sekarang kita coba ya membuat kalimat menggunakan kata kerja atau verb, baik V1 dan V1+s/es. Perhatikan contoh kalimat berikut ya.

  1. I study English everyday.
  2. My sister studies English everyday.

Dari contoh kalimat di atas, apa yang bisa kalian simpulkan mengenai pola kalimatnya? Coba dijawab dulu ya dan cobalah kamu simak video berikut. Apakah kesimpulan yang kalian buat sudah benar?

Dari kalimat di atas, dapat kita simpulkan bahwa kalimat di atas terdiri dari unsur subject/ S (I dan my sister), kemudian diikuti kata kerja V1 (study) atau V1+s/es (studies), lalu diikuti object/ O (English), dan kata keterangan atau adverb/ adv (everyday). Jadi pola kalimat di atast adalah sebagai berikut.

S + V1/ V1+s/es + O + adv

Jika mempertinbangkan subyek kalimat mana yang menggunakan V1 dan V1+s/es, maka pola kalimat di atas dapat kita bagi menjadi dua macam

They/ we/ I/ you + V1 + O + Adv

He/ she/ it + V1+s/es + O + adv

Bagaimana? Apakah kalian sudah paham kapan kalian harus mennggunakan V1 atau V1+s/es? Agar kalian lebih paham, baca kesimpulan berikut ya.

  1. V1 atau V1+s/es digunakan ketika kita ingin menceritakan rutinitas atau kebiasaan sekarang (misalnya, I drink milk every day)  dan kebenaran umum/ fakta sekarang yang tidak dapat dibantah (misalnya, The sun rises every morning).
  2. Verb 1 (V1) digunakan ketika subyek kalimatnya adalah they, we, I, you (Misalnya, they study every day), sedangkan Verb 1+s/es (V1+s/es) digunakan ketika  subyek kalimatnya adalah he, she, it (Conroh: She studies every day.)
  3. Pola kalimat menggunakan V1 dan V1 +s/es adalah sebagai berikut. They/ we/ I/ you + V1 + O + Adv dan He/ she/ it + V1+s/es + O + adv.

Nah, sekarang tiba saatnya kalian berlatih untuk mengecek pemahaman kalian ya.

Task 1. Add the base verbs (V1) below with s/es.

  1. Put = ………………,…….
  2. Drop = ………………,…….
  3. Enjoy = ………………,…….
  4. Match. = ………………,…….
  5. Wish. = ………………,…….
  6. Fix. = ………………,…….
  7. Miss. = ………………,…….
  8. Try. = ………………,…….
  9. Do. = ………………,…….
  10. Have. = ………………,…….

Task 2. Write down the correct form of the verbs in the brackets

  1. I …………. (wake) up at 4 o’clock every morning.
  2. We …………. (play) football every Sunday.
  3. My father …………. (go) toe work every day.
  4. Her mother …………. (cook) every morning.
  5. Dino and Dini usually …………… (do) homework together.

Task 3. Write sentences with the subjects and verbs provided.

  1. I/ sleep
  2. He/ play
  3. We/ go
  4. My family and I/ clean
  5. Dita/ sing
  6. Alex and her friend/ do
  7. My cat/ eat
  8. The bird/ fly
  9. The moon/ appear
  10. The river/ flow

B. Do atau Does

Do atau Does disebut sebagai kata bantu kerja (helping verb). Kata kerja bantu digunakan dalam kalimat negatif dan kalimat tanya. 

Do digunakan untuk subyek they, we, I, you.

Does digunakan untuk subyek he, she, it.

Contoh penggunaan do atau does dalam kalimat negatif. 

  1. I do not know her name.
  2. She does not live in Yogyakarta.

Dari dua contoh kalimat di atas dapat kita simpulkan bahwa do atau does digunakan dalam kalimat negatif. Adapun yang harus kalian perhatikan adalah setelah do atau does harus diikuti kata not yang artinya tidak. Dari kalimat di atas, mari kita coba analisis pola kalimatnya.

I do not know her name

S do not  V1         O

She does not live in Yogyakarta

She does not  V1       adv

That’s the end of the lesson today. Thank you very much for reading and hopefully you get a lot. See you next time. Stay safe, happy, and healthy.

1,422 comments
  1. Your style is really unique in comparison to other folks I’ve read stuff from.I appreciate you for posting when you’ve got the opportunity, Guess I’ll just bookmark this blog.Here is my blog … enkelfähig

  2. When I originally commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added” checkbox and now each time a commentis added I get three e-mails with the samecomment. Is there any way you can remove me from that service?Thanks a lot!

  3. whoah this blog is fantastic i love studying yourposts. Keep up the great work! You realize, a lot of people aresearching around for this info, you could aid them greatly.

  4. Thank you, I’ve just been searching for information approximately this topicfor a long time and yours is the best I’ve discovered sofar. But, what in regards to the bottom line? Are you sure in regardsto the supply? games ps4 allenferguson games ps4

  5. Pretty great post. I simply stumbled upon your blog andwanted to say that I have really loved surfing around yourblog posts. After all I’ll be subscribing in your feed and I’m hoping youwrite again very soon!

  6. Hey! This is kind of off topic but I need some advice from an established blog. Is it hard to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty quick. I’m thinking about making my own but I’m not sure where to start. Do you have any points or suggestions? Cheers

  7. Hey there! I just wanted to ask if you everhave any problems with hackers? My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing several weeks of hard work due to nodata backup. Do you have any methods to protect against hackers?

  8. หากจะถามถึงเกมออนไลน์ที่เล่นง่ายรวมทั้งทำเงินได้ง่ายที่สุดคุงหนีไม่พ้นบาคาร่าออนไลน์ UFABET จึงเอาอกเอาใจสมาชิกโดยการรวมรวมเกมบาคาร่าออนไลน์ไว้เยอะมากเพื่อให้สามาชิกได้เลือกเล่นอย่างมากนอกเหนือจากนั้นยังมีเกมอื่นๆอีกมากมาย

  9. What’s Happening i’m new to this, I stumbled upon this I have found It absolutely useful and it has aided me out loads. I hope to contribute & assist other users like its aided me. Good job.

  10. What’s Going down i am new to this, I stumbled upon this I have found It absolutely useful and ithas aided me out loads. I’m hoping to give a contribution & aid other customers like its helped me.Great job.

  11. I blog often and I genuinely thank you for your information. This article has really peakedmy interest. I will bookmark your blog and keep checking for new details about once a week.I subscribed to your RSS feed too.

  12. Thank you, I have just been looking for info about thissubject for ages and yours is the best I have found out till now.But, what in regards to the conclusion? Are you certain concerningthe source?

  13. Currently it looks like Drupal is the preferred blogging platform available right now. (from what I’ve read) Is that what you’re using on your blog?

  14. Thank you for another fantastic article. Where else could anybody get that kind of info in such an ideal way of writing? I ave a presentation next week, and I am on the look for such info.

  15. I will right away grab your rss feed as I can’t find your e-mail subscription link or newsletter service. Do you’ve any? Kindly let me know so that I could subscribe. Thanks.

  16. Hey there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this blog beforebut after checking through some of the post I realized it’s newto me. Anyways, I’m definitely happy I found it and I’ll be book-marking andchecking back frequently!

  17. Hi there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and found that it is truly informative.I’m going to watch out for brussels. I’ll appreciate if youcontinue this in future. Numerous people will be benefited from your writing.Cheers!

  18. תלמידת תיכון סקסית בחצאית קצרצרה מזדיינת אנאלי חזק על הספה של המורה שלה שלא מוותר לה ומוצצת לו עמוקנערות ליווי במרכז

  19. Nice post. I was checking continuously this blog and I’m inspired!Very useful info specifically the remaining phase 🙂 I take care of such information much. I used to be seeking this particular info for a longtime. Thank you and good luck.

  20. whoah this blog is excellent i like reading your posts. Keep up the good paintings! You realize, a lot of persons are looking round for this information, you could help them greatly.

  21. Asking questions are truly pleasant thing if you are notunderstanding anything entirely, however this paragraph offers pleasant understanding yet.

  22. Thanks for ones marvelous posting! I definitely enjoyed reading it, you can be a great author. I will be sure to bookmark your blog and will come back someday. I want to encourage one to continue your great work, have a nice day!

  23. I’m curious to find out what blog system you’re using?I’m experiencing some small security issues withmy latest blog and I would like to find something more safeguarded.Do you have any suggestions?

  24. I do consider all the ideas you’ve presented on your post. They are very convincing and can certainly work. Nonetheless, the posts are very quick for beginners. May you please prolong them a bit from subsequent time? Thanks for the post.

  25. Hey there! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I could locate a captcha plugin for my
    comment form? I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having trouble
    finding one? Thanks a lot!

  26. I must admit that this is one great insight. It surely gives a company the opportunity to get in on the ground floor and really take part in creating something special and tailored to their needs.disability nurse jobs melbourne

  27. I don?t even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was great. I do not know who you are but definitely you are going to a famous blogger if you aren’t already 😉 Cheers!

  28. Oh my goodness! Impressive article dude!
    Thank you so much, However I am experiencing difficulties with your
    RSS. I don’t know why I cannot join it. Is there anyone
    else having identical RSS problems? Anyone that knows
    the solution can you kindly respond? Thanx!!

  29. Aw, this was a very good post. Taking a few minutes and actual effortto create a very good article… but what can I say… I procrastinate a lot and never manage to get anything done.

  30. I work here tretinoina gel chile Since then some in-house police forensic laboratories have failed to make enough progress towards achieving the same standards as private providers, the Commons Science and Technology Committee concluded.

  31. An impressive share! I have just forwarded this onto a colleague who had been conducting a little research on this. And he actually ordered me lunch because I found it for him… lol. So let me reword this…. Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanx for spending the time to discuss this matter here on your web page.

  32. Уoᥙ realⅼy make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this
    matter to Ье actually something that I think I would never understand.
    It seems too complex and very broad for me.
    I ɑm looking forԝard for your next post, I will trʏ to get the hang of it!

  33. Hello there! This blog post could not be written much better! Looking at this article reminds me of my previous roommate! He constantly kept preaching about this. I am going to send this post to him. Fairly certain he’ll have a great read. I appreciate you for sharing!

  34. After looking at a number of the blog articles on your blog, I seriously appreciate your way of blogging. I book marked it to my bookmark webpage list and will be checking back in the near future. Please check out my website too and let me know your opinion.

  35. An interesting discussion is definitely worth comment. I do believe that you ought to write more on this issue, it might not be a taboo matter but generally people do not talk about such subjects. To the next! Many thanks!!

  36. Good post. I learn something new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon everyday. It will always be useful to read articles from other authors and practice a little something from other websites.

  37. hi!,I love your writing very a lot! proportion we communicate extra approximately your post on AOL? I need an expert in this space to resolve my problem. Maybe that’s you! Taking a look ahead to peer you.

  38. Thanks, I’ve recently been searching for info about this topic for ages and yours is the greatest I have came upon till now. However, what concerning the conclusion? Are you certain in regards to the supply?

  39. My family members all the time say that I am wasting my time here at net, except I know I am getting experience every day by reading thes pleasant content.

  40. ufabet เล่นง่าย อัตราจ่ายราคาดี หนึ่งไอเท็มที่นักเสี่ยงดวงควรจะมีข้างกาย แล้วจะสบายไปตลอดชาติ ไม่ส่าคนใดกันแน่ก็ห้ามพลาด
    ประเหม็นตุบานใหม่กับการมอบช่องทางสร้างฐานรากสำหรับคนที่ปรารถนารวย ไม่ว่าคุณจะเป็นคนไหนกัน
    ผ่านเว็บพนันมามากแล้วเท่าไหร่ พื้นฐานการเล่นเป็นแบบใด มาลองเว็บไซต์สมาชิกใหม่งามไฮเทคนำสมัยการพนันออนไลน์รูปแบบใหม่ จัดใหญ่ดีมากยิ่งขึ้นกว่าเดิม
    แหล่งลงทุนซึ่งมีแต่จะให้เพิ่ม เสริมเติมแต่งให้คุณเป็นผู้เล่นที่ท้าแข่งขันประชันได้ทุกสนาม เพิ่มอะไรไปดูจะได้รู้เกี่ยวกับ ufabet เต็มสิบอยากหยิบเงินรางวัลพวกเราแค่นั้นช่วยคุณได้

  41. Howdy, I believe your web site could be having internet browser compatibility issues. Whenever I look at your web site in Safari, it looks fine however, if opening in Internet Explorer, it’s got some overlapping issues. I just wanted to provide you with a quick heads up! Apart from that, fantastic website!

  42. I blog frequently and I really thank you for your information. This article has really peaked my interest. I will bookmark your website and keep checking for new information about once a week. I opted in for your Feed too.

  43. Your style is really unique compared to other folks I have read stuff from. I appreciate you for posting when you’ve got the opportunity, Guess I will just bookmark this page.

  44. With havin so much content do you ever run into any problems of plagorism or copyright infringement? My site has a lot of exclusive content I’ve either written myself or outsourced but it looks like a lot of it is popping it up all over the web without my agreement. Do you know any techniques to help prevent content from being ripped off? I’d truly appreciate it.

  45. Greetings! This is my first visit to your blog! Weare a team of volunteers and starting a new project in a community in the same niche.Your blog provided us useful information to work on. You have done a wonderful job!

  46. Your style is really unique compared to other people I’ve read stuff from. Thanks for posting when you’ve got the opportunity, Guess I’ll just bookmark this site.

  47. wonderful points altogether, you just received a brand new reader. What may you recommend about your post that you made some days in the past? Any certain?

  48. Hi there, I think your web site might be having web browser compatibility issues. When I look at your website in Safari, it looks fine however, if opening in I.E., it’s got some overlapping issues. I simply wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other than that, excellent blog!

  49. Pingback: Google
  50. You’re so awesome! I do not think I’ve truly read something like that before. So wonderful to discover someone with some genuine thoughts on this subject matter. Really.. thanks for starting this up. This site is something that’s needed on the internet, someone with some originality!

  51. Hi, I do believe this is a great web site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I will revisit once again since i have book marked it. Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide others.

  52. Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Thanks, However I am going through difficulties with your RSS. I don’t know why I cannot join it. Is there anyone else getting the same RSS problems? Anyone that knows the solution can you kindly respond? Thanx!!