Expressing Intention and Purpose (Mengungkapkan Maksud dan Tujuan)

Hi, ninth graders. Welcome back to this site. This time you are going to learn about expressing goals and intentions. Kali ini, kita akan belajar tentang ungkapan maksud dan tujuan. Get ready?

Dalam keseharian, kita sering mengungkapkan maksud dan tujuan melakukan sesuatu. Bagaimana kalau mengungkapkan maksud dan tujuan dalam bahasa Inggris, ya? Mari kita simak penjelasan berikut.

A. Purpose of Doing Something

Semua orang melakukan tindakan pasti memiliki tujuan, entah untuk hiburan, meraih nilai yang bagus,  dsb. Kalian dapat menggunakan kata-kata berikut untuk mengungkapkan tujuan.

  • To = untuk
  • For = untuk
  • So = sehingga
  • So that = sehingga
  • So as to = sehingga
  • In order to = agar/supaya

What is the social function of expressing purpose? Apa ya tujuan menggunakan ungkapan purpose?

  • To talk about our reason for doing something (Ungkapan purpose digunakan untuk menyampaikan tujuan kita melakukan sesuatu.)
  • To show someone our intention to do something (Untuk menunjukkan kepada seseorang apa tujuan kita melakukan sesuatu).
  • To talk about the use of an object (Untuk membicarakan mengenai kegunaan suatu benda).

How to express purpose? Bagaimana cara mengungkapkan tujuan? Berikut contoh ungkapan tujuan melakukan sesuatu.

  • to + infinitive (V1)
  • for + gerund (V1+ing)/ noun —-> to talk about the use of an object
  • so (that) + clause
  • in order to + infinitive (V1) —-> semi formal
  • so as to + infinitive (V1) —-> formal
  1. My mother is going to the market to buy vegetables.
  2. We must wear a helmet for our safety.
  3. I go to bed earlier; so, I can get up earlier.
  4. She studies very hard; so that, she gets good grades.
  5. The students will receive training so as to improve their achievement.
  6. Students wear school uniforms in order to instill discipline.

B. Intention of Doing Something

Semua orang melakukan tindakan pasti memiliki maksud. Kalian dapat menggunakan kata-kata berikut untuk mengungkapkan maksud melakukan sesuatu

  • will = akan
  • going to = akan
  • plan = berencana
  • think = pikir
  • reckon = pikir
  • intend = berniat/bermaksud
  • intention  = niat/maksud
  • would like = ingin
  • would rather = ingin

Berikut contoh ungkapan tujuan melakukan sesuatu.

  1. I am going to visit my grandmother during the school holiday with my family.
  2. They will come to Bono’s birthday party tomorrow.
  3. I would like to introduce myself.
  4. I would rather eat at home.
  5. I have the intention to live in a village.

Untuk menanyakan intention, kalian dapat menggunakan ungkapan berikut.

  • What are you going to do during the school holiday?
  • What will they do tomorrow?
  • What would you like to do?
  • What would you rather eat?
  • Are you thinking of…?
  • Any plans for the weekend?
  • Do you have any intention of…?
  • Is it your intention to…?

Now, let’s do the exercises to get more understanding.

Task 1. Read the following dialogue and answer the questions.

Nana: What are you going to do next semester’s holiday?

Dika: I am planning to go to Bali with my family.

Nana: Wow, great! Wish you enjoy the holiday.

Dika: Thank you.

  1. What is the dialogue about?
  2. What will Dika do during the holiday?
  3. What does Nana say to ask about Dika’s intention?
  4. “I am planning to go to Bali with my family.” It means that Dika wants to express ……..

Task 2. Fill in the blank with the correct expression.

Dialogue 1.

Mimi: Why do you study hard every day?

Lita : ……………………………………………………………..

Dialogue 2.

Roy: What is your intention to go to Bandung?

May: ……………………………………………………………….

Task 3. Write a dialogue based on the situation below and act it out with your friend.

Situation 1. You ask about your friend’s intentions on the weekend.

Situation 2. You ask about your friend’s purpose for visiting museums.

That’s all for today. Thank you very much and see you next time for different topics.




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