Do VS Does (Apa beda do dan does?

Hello, learners. Nice to see you again. This time, I’ll tell you about do and does. What have you known about them? Apa yang sudah kalian ketahui tentang do dan does? Mari kita ulik lebih dalam ya.

Do dan does adalah kata kerja bantu (KKB) yang digunakan dalam kalimat negatif dan kalimat tanya.

Do dan does digunakan untuk membuat Kalimat pernyataan negatif dan kalimat tanya terkait dengan hal berikut.

  1. Rutinitas atau kebiasaan sekarang.
  2. Fakta sekarang.
  3. Kebenaran umum (pernyataan umum yang tidak dapat dibantah kebenarannya).

When do people use do? Kapan do digunakan?

Do digunakan ketika subyek kalimat memiliki kata ganti I, you, they, we. Untuk membantu kalian mengingat kapan do dipakai, kalian boleh mengunakan jembatan keledai berikut untuk mengingat

I dibaca /a/

You dibaca /yu/

They dibaca /dhe/

We dibaca / we/.

Dalam bahasa Jawa, keempat kata kerja ganti tersebut bisa disingkat ayu dhewe (artinya cantik sendiri atau paling cantik). Mudah kan untuk mengingatnya. Ada l

Now, it’s time to learn how do and does are used in sentences.

Negative Sentence

Kalimat negatif adalah kalimat yang memiliki makna “tidak”. Pola kalimat yang digunakan untuk membuat kalimat negatif adalah sebagai berikut.

S + do/does + not + V1 + O + adv.

S = subject (subyek kalimat)

do/ does = kata kerja bantu (KKB)

V 1 = verb 1 (kata kerja bentuk pertama atau kata kerja waktu sekarang)

O = object (obyek kalimat). Object dalam kalimat adalah pilihan, artinya boleh ada atau tidak ada dalam kalimat.)

Adv = adverb (kata keterangan, misalnya kata keterangan tempat, waktu, cara, tujuan, alasan, dsb. Adverb dalam kalimat adalah pilihan, artinya boleh ada atau tidak ada dalam kalimat.)

Kalian harus tahu apa singkatan do not dan does not.

No, pay attention toe these sentences.

  • Do not disingkat don’t.
  • Does not disingkat doesn’t.
  1. I do not drink a glass of milk in the morning.
  2. My mother does not always cook in the evening.

Pada kalimat no 1 menggunakan KKB do karena subyek kalimatnya adalah I. Sedangkan kalimat no 2 menggunakan KKB does karena subyek kalimatnya adalah my mother dan my mother kata gantinya adalah sebagai she (she menunjukkan satu orang berjenis kelamin perempuan).

Interrogative Sentences

Kalimat introgatif adalah kalimat tanya. Kalimat tanya yang menanyakan rutinitas sekarang, fakta sekarang dan kebenaran umum menggunakan kata kerja bantu do atau does. Terdapat dua jenis pertanyaan utama, yaitu kata tanya tertutup yaitu pertanyaan yang jawabannya “ya” atau “tidak” dan kalimat tanya terbuka, yaitu kalimat tanya yang menggunakan kata tanya 4wh/ h yang meliputi kata tanya berikut.

  1. Who (siapa), menanyakan subyek kalimat orang.
  2. Whom (siapa), menanyakan obyek kalimat orang.
  3. What (apa), menanyakan subyek atau obyek kalimat tetapi bukan manusia.
  4. When (kapan): menanyakan keterangan waktu kejadian (adverb of time)
  5. Where (di/ ke mana): menanyakan keyersngan tempat kejadian (adverb of place)
  6. Why (mengapa): menanyakan keterangan alasan (adverb of reason)
  7. How (Bagaimana): menanyakan keterangan cara melakukan sesuatu (adverb of manner)

Sekarang kit coba perhatikan pola kalimat dan contoh kalimat tanya tertutup (Yes/ No- questions) berikut ya.

Yes/ No – Questions (Pertanyaan yang jawabannya ya atau tidak)

Do/ does + S + V1 + O + adv + ?

  • Do you drink a glass of milk every morning? (Apakah kamu minum segelas susu setiap pagi?)
  • Does your nother always cook for dinner every afternoon? (Apakah ibumu selalu masak untuk makan malam setiap sore?)

Jawaban kedua pertanyaan di atas adalah sebagai berikut.

  1. Pertanyaan no 1: jika jawabannya iya, maka dijawab “Yes, I do” yang artinya “Ya”. Jika jawabanny tidak mak dijawab “No, I don’t.” yang artinya “Tidak.”.
  2. Pertanyaan no 2: jika jawabannya iya, maka dijawab “Yes, she does” yang artinya “Ya”. Jika jawabanny tidak mak dijawab “No, She doesn’t.” yang artinya “Tidak.”.

Let’s continue our study. How about asking questions with wh/h-question?

Open ended questions

Sekarang kita akan belajar bagaimana membuat pertanyaan dengan menggunakan kata tanya wh/h. Caranya mudah. Sangat mudah. Nggak percaya? Tambahkan saja wh/h-question di awal kalimat tanya sebelum do/does. Simple, kan?

Wh/h-Q+ do/ does + S + V1 + O + adv + ?

Pay attention to the following examples. Perhatikan contoh kalimat tanya terbuka (open ended questions) menggunakan eh/h-question berikut.

  1. What do you drink every morning? (apa yang kamu minum setiap pagi?
  2. Where does your father work? (Di mana ayahmu bekerja?)
  3. Why do they do sport every morning? (Mengapa mereka olah raga setiap pagi?)
  4. How does your sister go to school? (Bagaimana saudaramu berangkat ke sekolah?)

Bagaimana? Sudah paham ya. I hope you get it. Now, it’s time to practice.

Task 1. Complete the following sentence using “do” or “does“.

  1. We ….. not go to school on Sunday.
  2. My parents …. not go to work on Saturday and Sunday.
  3. My father and I …. not do exercise every week.
  4. …. you live in a city?
  5. ….. the sun rise form east?

Task 2. Write the sentences below into negative and interrogative ones.

  1. My sister studies everyday.
  2. My English teacher teaches us every Thursday.
  3. Tito always takes his dog walk every morning on holidays.
  4. The cats often sleep in my bedroom.
  5. The plants need more water to grow.

Task 3. Write a negative and interrogative sentence for each picture. Write down the answer too.

Picture 1.

Picture 2.

Finally, it’s time to end the lesson. I wish everything is so clear that there’s no questions to ask. Thank you. See you again next time.

  1. Aw, this was a really nice post. In concept I want to put in writing like this moreover – taking time and precise effort to make an excellent article… but what can I say… I procrastinate alot and not at all seem to get something done.

  2. Thank you so much for providing individuals with an exceptionally breathtaking opportunity to read from this website. It is always very amazing and stuffed with fun for me and my office friends to visit your site a minimum of three times in 7 days to study the fresh tips you have. Of course, I’m so usually amazed concerning the special ideas served by you. Selected 3 tips in this posting are rather the most suitable I have ever had.

  3. We use do/does or is/are as question words when we want to ask yes/no questions. We use does and is with third person singular pronouns (he, she, it) and with singular noun forms. We use do and are with other personal pronouns (you, we they) and with plural noun forms.
    click counter.

  4. online gaming describes any computer game that gives on-line interactions with different players. Video games accustomed be classified by {an on-line|a web|an internet} Content PEGI descriptor to indicate whether or not they were online or not. However, as most games currently give on-line interactions this distinction is not any longer used.

  5. I have been browsing online greater than three hours lately, but I never discovered any interesting article like yours. It’s pretty worth enough for me. In my view, if all site owners and bloggers made good content as you probably did, the internet shall be much more helpful than ever before. “When the heart speaks, the mind finds it indecent to object.” by Milan Kundera.

  6. Hi there! This post couldn’t be written any better! Reading through this post reminds me of my previous room mate! He always kept talking about this. I will forward this article to him. Pretty sure he will have a good read. Thank you for sharing!

  7. Thanks , I have recently been searching for info about this topic for ages and yours is the greatest I have discovered so far. But, what about the conclusion? Are you sure about the source?

  8. I’m so happy to read this. This is the type of manual that needs to be given and not the random misinformation that’s at the other blogs. Appreciate your sharing this greatest doc.

  9. Can I just say what a reduction to seek out someone who really knows what theyre speaking about on the internet. You definitely know how one can convey an issue to light and make it important. Extra individuals need to read this and understand this facet of the story. I cant consider youre not more common since you definitely have the gift.

  10. Hi,. . I want to know can I use content from websites like Microsoft or apple or similar to write technical articles or is it violation of copyright law?. . Thank you.

  11. Hey there just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The words in your content seem to be running off the screen in Opera. I’m not sure if this is a format issue or something to do with internet browser compatibility but I thought I’d post to let you know. The design look great though! Hope you get the problem solved soon. Thanks