Analytical Exposition (Purpose, Generic Structure, Language Features, and Example)

Hello, nice to meet you, great learners. Today, you are going to learn about analytical exposition texts. Are you ready?

Before we talk about analytical exposition texts, let me ask you some questions first. Have you ever postponed doing something without any acceptable reasons? Do you know what it is called? It is called procrastination. When you read a text and then you find the writer’s opinion about the issue, such as procrastination, arguments to support the view, and restatement at the end of the writing, it means that you are reading an analytical exposition text.


The purpose of an analytical exposition text is to convince the readers that the issue is important to discuss.

Text Structure

An analytical exposition text consists of three parts, namely thesis, arguments, and reiteration.

  1. Thesis: The writer’s view or opinion about the issue.
  2. Arguments: The reasons to support the view.
  3. Reiteration: The restatement of the thesis.

Language Features

  1. Use simple present tense: Use V1 or V1+s/es and use “to be” (is, am, are).
  2. Use thinking verbs: think, feel, believe, suppose
  3. Use connecting words/ transition words: and, but, therefore, because, regarding, etc.

Example Text

Smoking is Dangerous

We can meet many people smoking. Smoking is a very common thing although smoking is actually very bad. There are many negative effects of smoking, especially on health.

First, smoking causes many serious illnesses. Smokers tend to suffer high blood pressure, heart attack, cancer, etc. Second, smoking causes air pollution. When people are smoking, they exhale carbon dioxide into the air. Third, it endangers passive smokers. Passive smokers are people around the smoker who inhales the smoke of the cigarette being smoked by the smoker. The last one is that it wastes money. Smokers have to spend their money buying cigarettes.

Considering the negative effects of smoking, it can be concluded that smoking is very bad.

That’s all. Next time I hope I can come back here very soon to give you some tasks that you can do to increase your understanding of analytical exposition texts. Thank you and see you.

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Expressions of Checking for Understanding (Contoh Ungkapan dan Dialog Mengecek Pemahaman)

Hello, eighth graders. Nice to meet you again. This is the second material I can share with you in the first semester in grade eight. Kali ini kita akan belajar bagaimana mengecek pemahaman (checking for understanding) dan bagaimana menanggapinya. Ok, let’s start our discussion. Social Function Sudah hampir enam bulan ya kita belajar dari rumah. Namun saya yakin kalian masih ingat saat-saat indah bisa belajar di sekolah, dapat bertemu bapak ibu guru dan teman sekolah walaupun mungkin ada beberapa hal yang sama seklai tidak menarik bagi kalian hingga lepas dari perhatian. Apa itu, ya?Masih ingtakan kalian ketika bapak ibu guru menerangkan? Bagaimana setiap guru memiliki gaya masing-masing saat mengajar di dalam kelas? Mungkin ada yang menarik dan menyenangkan tetapi sebaliknya ada yang tidak menarik dan membosankan. Kali ini saya tidak akan bertanya soal menarik atau tidak, tapi saya ingin tahu apakah kalian masih ingat apa yang diucapkan oleh para guru setelah selesai menjelaskan sesuatu di kelas? Adakah di antara guru kalian yang mengatakan, “Sudah paham?” atau “Ada pertanyaan?” Apakah kalian tahu apa maksud atau tujuan dari bapak ibu guru kalian mengucapkan kalimat tersebut setelah menjelaskan sesuatu? “Sudah paham?” dan “Ada pertanyaan?” adalah ungkapan yang sering digunakan oleh seorang pembicara untuk mengetahui sejauh mana orang yang diajak bicara memahamai apa yang disampaikan. The social function of checking understanding is to know how well the listener gets the point which the speaker has told or explained. Generic Structure & Language Features Semoga kalian sudah paham ya tujuan checking for undertanding. Tentunya kalian sudah mengerti apa yang harus kalian lakukan jika ada orang yang ingin mengetahui sejauh mana pemahaman kalian terhadap apa yang ia katakan? Ya, tepat sekali jawaban kalian. Ketika seseorang mengecek pemahaman kalian, kalian harus menanggapinya dengan baik. Tentu tanggaoan itu bisa positif maupun negatif. Tanggapan positif berarti kalian paham dengan apa yang diucapkan orang tersebut (showing understanding) sebaliknya tanggapan negatif berrati kalian tidak atau kurang paham terhadap apa yang disampaikan orang tersebut (expressing lack of understanding). Here are some expressions that you can use for checking understanding. Get it? (Paham?) Have you got it (Apakah kamu sudah paham?) Do you understand? (Apakah kamu paham?) Any questions? (Ada pertanyaan?) Everything clear? (Apakah semuanya sudah jelas?) Did I make myself clear? (Apakah yang saya sampaikan sudah jelas?) Did I make myself understood? (Apakah yang saya jelaskan dapat dimengerti?) Do you mean…? (Apakah maksud anda …?) Do you know what I mean? (Apakah kamu mengerti aoa yang saya maksud?) Do you know what I am saying? (Apakah kamh mengerti apa yang saya katakan?) Are you following me? (Apakah anda mengertu yang saya sampaikan?) Are you wirh me so far? (Apakah anda sejauh ini paham yang saya katakan?) Here are some expressions that you can use to show understanding I see (o, begitu) I undertstand. (Ya, saya paham) I get it (saya mengerti) I got it (saya mengerti) Gotcha (Paham) Here are some expressions that you can use for expressing lack of understanding I don’t get it (saya tidak paham) I’m sorry I don’t understand (Maaf saya tidak paham) What do you mean? Apa yang anda pahami? I am not following you.(saya tidak mengerti apa yang anda sampaikan) I don’t quite follow you (saya tidak begitu paham terhadap apa yang anda sampaikan) I am not sure I get what you mean (saya tidak yakin saya mengerti apa yang anda maksud) What was that again? (Apalagi itu?) That’s all that I can share with you about the expressions of checking for understanding, showing understanding and expressing of lack understanding. Now, let’s check your understanding by doing the following tasks. Task 1. Listen to the audio and repeat after him/her. Task 2. Watch this video to answer the questions below. What is the dialogue about? Where did the dialogue probably take place? What did Mrs. Green say to check for understanding? Did Samir understand what Mrs. Green said? How do you know? Samir said, “Sorry, I haven’t got it at all.” What did he mean? Task 3. Match the expressions with the correct responses. Task 4. Fill in the blank with the suitable expression. 1. Mr. Blak : That’s all that I can explain about showing attention. Have you got it? James: ,………………………,……………. Would you please explain again? 2. Paul : ,………………………………….. Helen. : Sorry, I am not quite following you. 3. Randy : Any questions?Students : …………….,…………..Everything is clear. 4. Shinta: Do you know what I mean? Dion. : ,…..,………….,……………………. ………Will you give me more examples? 5. Diego : Gotcha? Alehando: Yes, …………….. Task 5. Write your own dialogue based on the situation below and then practice it. Situation: You explain to your friend about how to do the homework. Unfortunately your friend has not understood so he asks you to explain again. Ok, Dears. I think it is time to say good bye. Hopefully you know better about checking for understanding, showing understanding, and expressing lack of understanding. See you again with the next new topic. Thank you and see you.